Nilai Ketuhanan Yang Maha Esa • Adanya pengakuan dan keyakinan bangsa terhadap adanya Tuhan sebagai pencipta alam semesta. • Bangsa Indonesia. Islam dan Pancasila Sebagai Dasar Negara has 27 ratings and 0 reviews. Islam dan Pancasila Sebagai Dasar Negara: Studi Tentang Perdebatan Dalam. The problems discussed in this paper were; 1) why the Pancasila (the five Indonesian National Principles) values had not been fully understood and acted in the.
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First iteration of Sukarno[ edit ] Five Pancasila symbols on Indonesian stamps Desirous of uniting the diverse archipelago of Indonesia into one state inthe future President Sukarno promulgated Pancasila sebagai dasar negara as the foundational pancasila sebagai dasar negara theory of the new Indonesian state in Indonesian "Dasar Negara".
His political philosophy was fundamentally an amalgamation of elements of monotheismnationalismand socialism. Sukarno consistently stated that Pancasila was a philosophy of Indonesian indigenous origin that he developed under the inspiration of Indonesian historical philosophical traditions, including indigenous Indonesian, Indian Hindu, Western Christian, and Arab Islamic traditions.
Sukarno further explained that "Keadilan sosial", i.
Islam dan Pancasila Sebagai Dasar Negara
Pancasila was intended to resolve contrasting Indonesian Muslimnationalistand Christian priorities. Indonesian patriotism; Musyawarah Mufakat: Deliberative consensus emphasizing a form of representative democracy in which ethnic dominance is absent and each member of the council possesses equal voting power, Kesejahteraan Sosial: Social Pancasila sebagai dasar negara premised pancasila sebagai dasar negara the theory of the welfare state and emphasizing popular socialismand Ketuhanan yang Maha Esa: A Divinity that is an ultimate unity" A formulation that can be seen as implying both monotheism or pantheismthereby allowing space for all of Indonesia's major religions.
It seeks to prevent the oppression of the weak by the strong, whether by economic or political means. Therefore, we hold that Pancasila is a socio-religious society. Briefly its major characteristics are its rejection of poverty, backwardness, conflicts, exploitation, capitalism, feudalism, dictatorship, colonialism[,] and imperialism.
This is the policy I have chosen with confidence. His government promoted them as a sacrosanct national ideology that represented the ancient wisdom of the Pancasila sebagai dasar negara people pre-dating the introduction of foreign religions such as Hinduism and Islam.
In a July speech which reflected his affiliation with Javanese beliefsSuharto glorified the Pancasila as a key to reach the perfect life "ilmu kasampurnaning hurip" of harmony with God and fellow men.
He also instituted a mandatory program to pancasila sebagai dasar negara all Indonesians, from primary school students to office workers, in the Pancasila, which program was denominated "Penataran P4".
In practice, however, the administration of Suharto exploited the vagueness of the Pancasila to justify its acts and to condemn opponents as "anti-Pancasila".
Several Christian Generals who served under Suharto like Leonardus Benjamin Moerdani actively persecuted pancasila sebagai dasar negara Muslims in the Indonesian military, which was described as being "anti-Islamic", denying religious Muslims promotions, and preventing pancasila sebagai dasar negara from praying in the barracks and banning them from even using the Islamic greeting "assalamu'alaikum", and these anti-Islamic policies were entirely supported by Suharto, despite Suharto being a Muslim himself, since he considered political Islam a threat to his power.
Thus, the ideology reflects the socio-political condition of the late colonial period in Indonesia and the ensuing great war. Its concept derived and synthesized from the ideas and ideals of Indonesia's founding fathers, most prominently Sukarno's.
The historical period that influenced Indonesia's founding fathers, was the socio-political conditions of Dutch East Indies in pancasila sebagai dasar negara early 20th century all the way to the outbreak of the Second World War.
By the first half of 20th century, some ideologies had been established or made their way into Dutch East Indies includes; imperialism and its antithesis anti-colonial nationalismtraditional Javanese statecraft, Pancasila sebagai dasar negarademocracysocialism and communism. Proponents of these ideologies had formed political organization or party to forward their cause.
Islamist Sarekat Islam was established in followed by Masyumi in Communist Party was established inwhile Sukarno's nationalist Indonesian National Party was established in Favouring one ideology over another would not satisfy the whole components of Indonesian people, thus it was decided that the new republic need to compose a new ideology derived from indigenous Indonesian values as well as common shared values derived from various ideologies.
The founding fathers had decided that the state ideology should encompass and shelter the whole spectrum of Indonesian society, in which consensus for common good must be strived to achieve and justice is served and satisfied. As the result, Pancasila is often viewed as a form pluralism and moderationa potpourri of different ideologies, ranged from the socialist, nationalist to religiosity.
Pancasila sebagai dasar negara / Sukarno | National Library of Australia
Some compromises pancasila sebagai dasar negara made during the formation of Pancasila to satisfy elements of Indonesian society.
For example, despite its overwhelming Muslim populationIndonesia did not adopt political Islam nor proclaim Islam as its official religion.
Other than Islam, Indonesia also recognizes several world religions: Christianity Catholicism and ProtestantismHinduism and Buddhism, with Confucianism added early in the 21st century. The adoption of Bahasa Indonesia instead of Javanese as the pancasila sebagai dasar negara language had practical value as a lingua franca and reduced concerns about favouring the Javanese majority.