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Because the true nature of the radium had been kept from them, the Radium Fashion sourcebook 1920s adobe painted their nails, teeth, and faces for fun with the deadly paint produced at the factory. It is unknown how many died from exposure to radiation.

Radiation sickness[ edit ] Many of the women later began to suffer from anemiabone fractures and necrosis of the jaw, a condition now known as radium jaw.


It is thought that the X-ray machines used by the medical investigators may have contributed to some of the sickened workers' ill-health by subjecting them to additional radiation. It turned out at least one of the examinations was a ruse, part of a campaign of disinformation started by the defense contractor.

Radium and other watch-dial companies rejected claims that the afflicted workers were suffering from exposure to radium. For some time, doctors, dentists, and researchers complied with requests from the companies not to fashion sourcebook 1920s adobe their data. At the urging of the companies, worker deaths were attributed by medical professionals to other causes; fashion sourcebook 1920s adobea notorious sexually transmitted infection at the time, was often cited in attempts to smear the reputations of the women.

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Von Sochocky, died in November fashion sourcebook 1920s adobe, becoming the 16th known victim of poisoning by radium dial paint. He had gotten sick from radium in his hands, not the jaw, and soon offered to help the Radium Girls in court.

Like the United States Radium Corporation, the purpose of the studio in Ottawa was to paint dials for clocks, their largest client being Westclox Corporation in Peru, Illinois.


Dials painted in Ottawa appeared on Westclox's fashion sourcebook 1920s adobe Big Ben, Little Ben and travel clocks; and like United States Radium Corporation, Radium Dial hired young women to paint the dials, using the same "lip, dip, paint" approach as the women in New Jersey and by another unaffiliated plant in Waterbury, Connecticut, that supplied the Waterbury Clock Company.

Following the termination of President Joseph Kelly from the concern, Kelly established a competing firm in the town named Luminous Process Company, which also employed women in the same fashion, and in the conditions as the other firms.

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Employees at Radium Dial began showing signs of radium poisoning inand were unaware of the hearings and trials in New Jersey. Fashion sourcebook 1920s adobe, Radium Dial leadership authorized physicals and other tests designed to determine the toxicity of its employees, but the company never turned those records to the employees or told them of the results.

In a half-hearted attempt to end the use of the camel hair brushes, management introduced glass pens with a fine point, however the workers found that the pens slowed down their productivity they were paid fashion sourcebook 1920s adobe the pieceand they reverted to using brushes. When word of the New Jersey women and their suits appeared in local newspapers, the women were told that the radium was safe, fashion sourcebook 1920s adobe that employees in New Jersey were showing signs of viral infections.

Assured by their employers that the radium was safe, they returned to work as usual.

Litigation[ edit ] In New Jersey, the story of the abuse perpetrated against the fashion sourcebook 1920s adobe is distinguished from most such cases by the fashion sourcebook 1920s adobe that the ensuing litigation was covered widely by the media.

Plant worker Grace Fryer decided to sue, but it took two years for her to find a lawyer willing to take on U. Even after the women found a lawyer, the slow-moving courts held out for months. At their first appearance in court on Januarytwo women were bedridden and none of them could raise their arms to take an oath.

In Illinois, employees began asking for compensation for their medical and dental bills as early asbut were refused by management.


The demand for money by sick and dying former employees continued into the mid s before a suit before the Illinois Industrial Commission IIC was brought. In five women found an attorney that would represent them in front fashion sourcebook 1920s adobe the commission, but by this time, Radium Dial had closed, leaving no forwarding address.

In the spring ofthe IIC ruled in favor of the women.

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The attorney representing the interests of Radium Dial appealed hoping to get the verdict overturned, and again the commission judge found for the women.

Historical impact[ edit ] The Radium Girls' saga holds an important place in the history of both the field of health physics and the labor rights movement. The right of individual workers to sue for damages from corporations due to fashion sourcebook 1920s adobe abuse was established as a result of the Radium Girls case.

Radium paint was still used in dials fashion sourcebook 1920s adobe late as the s.