That's the underlying principle of ego psychology, which has its roots in the work of Psychoanalysts who further expanded on the theories of ego psychology. Erik Erikson believed that the ego Freud described was far more than just a Erikson's Theory of Psychosocial Development has eight distinct stage, each with. Jump to Modern conflict theory - Ego psychology is a school of psychoanalysis rooted in Sigmund Freud's structural id-ego-superego model of the mind. An individual interacts with the external world as well as responds to internal forces.‎History · ‎Early conceptions of the · ‎Freud's ego psychology · ‎Ego functions.


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As the definition suggests, judgment is closely related to reality testing, and the two functions are usually evaluated in tandem Berzoff, Modulating and controlling impulses is based on the capacity to hold sexual and aggressive feelings in check with out ego psychology theory on them until the ego has evaluated whether they meet the individual's own moral standards and are acceptable in terms ego psychology theory social norms.

Adequate functioning in this area depends on the individual's capacity to tolerate frustration, to delay gratification, and to tolerate anxiety without immediately acting to ameliorate it.

Problems in modulation may involve either too little or too much control over impulses Berzoff, Modulation of affect The ego ego psychology theory this function by preventing painful or unacceptable emotional reactions from entering conscious awareness, or by managing the expression of such feelings in ways that do not disrupt either emotional equilibrium or social relationships.

Ego Theory, Self Theory, and Object Relations Theory

To adequately perform this function, the ego constantly monitors the source, intensity, and direction of feeling states, as well as the people toward whom feelings will be directed. Monitoring determines whether such states will be acknowledged or expressed and, if so, in what form.

The basic principle to remember in evaluating how well the ego manages this function ego psychology theory that affect modulation may be problematic because of too much or too little ego psychology theory.

As an integral part of the monitoring process, the ego ego psychology theory the type of expression that is most congruent with established social norms. Object relations involves the ability ego psychology theory form and maintain coherent representations of others and of the self.

The concept refers not only to the people one interacts with in the external world but also to significant others who are remembered and represented within the mind.


Adequate functioning implies the ability to maintain a ego psychology theory positive view of the other, even when one feels disappointed, frustrated, or angered by the other's behavior.

Self-esteem regulation involves the capacity to maintain a steady and reasonable level of positive self-regard in the face of distressing or frustrating external events.

Painful affective states, including anxiety, depression, shame, and guilt, as well as exhilarating emotions such as triumph, glee, and ecstasy may also undermine self-esteem. ego psychology theory


Generally speaking, in dominant American culture a measured expression of both pain and pleasure is expressed; excess in either direction is a cause for concern. Mastery when conceptualized as an ego function, mastery reflects the epigenetic view that individuals achieve more ego psychology theory levels of ego organization by mastering successive developmental challenges.

ego psychology theory Each stage of psychosexual development oral, anal, phallic, genital presents a particular challenge that must be adequately addressed before the individual can move on to the next higher stage.

By mastering stage-specific challenges, the ego ego psychology theory strength in relations to the other structures fothe mind and thereby becomes more effective in organizing and synthesizing mental processes.


When they enter the anal stage, such ego psychology theory are not well prepared to learn socially acceptable behavior or to control the pleasure they derive from defecating at will.

As a result, some of them will experience delays in achieving bowel control ego psychology theory will have difficulty in controlling temper tantrums, while others will sink into a passive, joyless compliance with parental demands that compromises their ability to explore, learn, and become physically competent.

Ego psychology

ego psychology theory Conversely, infants who have been well gratified and adequately stimulated during the oral ego psychology theory enter the anal stage feeling relatively secure and confident.

For the most part, they cooperate in curbing their anal desires, and are eager to win parental approval for doing so. In addition, they are physically active, free to learn and eager to explore.

As they gain confidence in their increasingly autonomous physical and mental abilities, they also learn to follow the rules their parents establish and, in doing so, with parental approval.

Ego Theory, Self Theory, and Object Relations Theory - Video & Lesson Transcript |

Ideally, the ego works by reason, whereas the id is chaotic and unreasonable. The ego considers social realities and norms, etiquette and rules in deciding how ego psychology theory behave.

Like the id, the ego seeks pleasure i. Ego psychology theory ego has no concept of right or wrong; something ego psychology theory good simply if it achieves its end of satisfying without causing harm to itself or the id.

Often the ego is weak relative to the headstrong id, and the best the ego can do is stay on, pointing the id in the right direction and claiming some credit at the end as if the action were its own. Freud made the analogy of the id being a horse while the ego is the rider.

The ego is 'like a man on horseback, who has to hold in check the superior strength of the horse.

The ego engages in secondary process thinking, which is rational, realistic, and orientated towards problem-solving. If a plan of action does not work, then it is thought through again until a solution is found. This is known as reality testing and enables the person to control their impulses and demonstrate self-control, via mastery of the ego psychology theory.